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广东会注册邀请码ByLvGang,Re,2006Sincethepolicyofreformandopeningupwasintroduced,hugeprogresshasbeenmadeinChinasforeigntrade,withtotalexportvolumeincreasinginarapidandcontinuousmannerandtheshareofmanufacturedgoods,mechanicalandele,manypeoplebelievethatChinasexportsexportstructureThisis,infact,anissueofhowtoevaluateChinasindustrialstructurewhichismirroredinthecountry,itwouldbedifficulttojudgethedevelopmentphaseofChinasforeigntradeandindustrialization,andevenmoresotoestablishsuitablepoliciestofurtherraisethelevelofthecountry,thisarticleanalyzesthedevelopmentofChinasexportstructuresincethemid1990sandcomparesitwiththatofdevelopedcountrieslikeSouthKorea,Germany,hnologicalstructureofanationsexportsistoclassifytheminto8categoriesbyone-digitcodesoftheStandardInternationalTradeClassification(SITC)oftheUnitedNations,inwhichCategories0~4areclassifiedasprimaryproducts,Categories6and8aslabor-intensivepr,,notallironandsteelprsmore,thecharac[1]istoclassifyabout200products,usingthethree-digitSITCcodes,into5categoriesbytheintensityofRDinputs,namely,primaryproducts,resource-basedproducts,lowtechnologymanufactures,mediumtechnologymanufacturesandhightechnologymanufactures(SeeTable1below).,itfailstodistinguishtheRDintensitiesofthesameproductindifferentprocessingstages,,thismethodisapparentlymore,thisapproachisappliedintheanalysisofthisarticle.PopulationProportioninCitiesofDifferentScalesamongCitieswithaPopulationof100,000andabovein2000Data:TheChineseurbanpopulationdataarefromthepopulationcensusin2sandtheecologicalenvironmentundergreatpressure(1)itiesisonthelowside,,suchasJapanandSouthKorea,theinten~,~,~~ntdensityofthecentralbusinesscentersisallaround50,000~100,000persons/kmandthatofNewYorkreachesashighas240,000persons/,urbanstructuresarefeaturedmainlybylowbuildingsandthestereoscopicurbanlandspacesarenotfullyutilized,therefore,theroleoftheurbanspacesinaccommodatingp,,,whichisseriouslynotinlinewithChinasactualsituationofmorepeopleandlessland.(2)ters,andthereisadiscrepancybetweenthedevelopmentofurbaninfrastructurefacilities(includingcommunications),suchastheundergroundpipelinenetworksandtheenvironmentharnessing,isquitelagging,being,lypoorandtndhaveaddedtothetravelingandsocialoperationalcosts....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

ByLvWei,,2006Anationalinnovationsystemiscomposedoftheinteractingorganizationsparticipatingintheinnovationaswellastheexternalenvironment(,thefinancialsystem,educationalsystem,competingmodesandcorporateoperatingmechanism)thathasabearingontheinnovativeactivities;theinteractionofthecomponentsa,aninnovationsystemisnotnecessarilyasystemartificiallydesignedandconstructed,sInnovationSystemComparedwiththemajorinnovativecountriesintheworld,theexternalenvironmentofChina,andthegovernmentplaysanimportantroleindistributingvariousresources;theproportionofstate-ownedeconomyisstillfairlyhigh,andtheoperatingmechanismofstate-ownedenterprises(SOEs)andpublicinstitutionsisdifferentfromthatoftheprivateenterprisesunderthemarketcompetition;themarketmechanismisyettomature,thecapitalmarket,inparticular,isstillintheinitialstageofdevelopment,lmanagementsystem,therestructuringreformhasagreaterbearingontheinnovationsystemanddec,Chinaisabigcountryinteseconomyhavethefollowingcharacteristics:first,abigcountryintermsofthesizeofeconomy,,ChinassizeofGDPranksthefourthintheworld,anditsper-capitalevelofincomeisverylow,,thedomesticmarketishuge,,;ontheotherhand,Chinaisthethirdlargesttradingpoweranditsdependenceonimportsandexportsexceeds60%(withitsdependenceonexportsbeing30%~40%).Chinaisalsooneoft,therefore,Chineseenterpriseshavetocompetewithth,,theregionalgapindevelopmentandincomeishugewiththefactthatthedeveloped,developingandunderdevelopedregionscoexist,andtherefore,,thedevelopmentofhigh,mediumandlow-techindustriesisfairlybalanced,,oftheincrementalvalueofthemanufacturingindustry,theaddedvaluefrommediumtechnologyindustriesaccountedfor60%,thevalueoflow-techindustriesaccountedforabout25%,andthevalueofhigh-techindustriesaccountedforabout14%.Thehigh-techindustriesinthedevelopedcountriesusuallyaccountforahigherpercentage,whileinthedevelop,ChinasRDinputintensityislowerthanthosedevelopedcountriescharacterizedbyknowledge-intensiveindustries,,anditstechnologicaldevelopmentischaracteri,however,,thegrowthrateofChina,%ofitsGDP,,theproportionofinvestmentinbasicresearchandappliedresearchmaintainastablegrowth,,theannualaveragegrowthrateofthegrossoutputvalueofhigh-techindustrieswasashighas24%,andin2004,theexportsofhigh-techproductsaccountedfor28%,internationallycompetitiveenterpriseshasemerged,,assimilative/,thevolumeofprocessingexportsexceeds50%,andoftheexportsbyhigh-techindustries,morethan90%novationpolicies,,financialallocationfromthecentralfinanceforscienceandtechnologynearlydoubledthatintheyear2000,%and4%(SeeTable1).Thegrowthoffiscalallocationbylocalgovernmentsforscienceandtechnologywassimilartothatbythecentralgovernment,andthetotalamountofallocationbylocalgovernmentswasabout60%oftheallocationbythecentralgovernment,anditwas65% CompositionofExpensesforScientificandTechnologicalActivities

ByZhaoJinping,ResearchTeamonEconomicTrendAnalysis,ResearchDepartmentofForeignEconomicRelations,~3YearsAreRequiredtoEliminatetheImpactofCreditSqueezeCurrently,,thepressuretestresultoffinancialinstitutionsindicatesthattheleadandiswithinthe,theconfidenceoffinancialmarketshassomewhatpickedup,withtheleadingstockmarketsbeginningtobounceback,,thepossibilitythattherecessionofthereal,theeconomiesinEurope,theUnitedStatesandJapa,icexpectationfrom"continueddrasticdeterioration"to"deteriorationbeginningtoease",,%havingbeenmaterialized,,manyprivatefundsarewillingtoparticipatebecauseanacquisitionframeworkhasbeenformedforgate,therehavebeenconcernsearlierthatthedebtandeconomiccrisishittingsomecountriesinEastandCentralEuropemightburdenthefinantrengthafterthe20-nationLondonconference,thefundingasstabilizehasalsoproduce,SouthKoreaseconomicgrowthinthefirstquarterwasbetterthaninthefourthqua,~,thenonperformingasssexperienceindicatesthataftertheburstofitsbubbleeconomy,ittookabouttwoandcgrowth,theworldeconomicsituationconfrontingthe,thenumberoflocalbankbankruptciesintheUnitedStateshasrisento36sincethebeginningofthisyear,morethanthetotalnumberof25registeredinthewholeyearof2008."Problembanks"are20%,themajorfinan,threebanksinGermanyandSwitzerlandstillhavethehrtotalprofitforthefirsttimeinthefinancialyearendinginMarch,,,21commercialbanksintheUnitedStateswhichhadr%ngEconomiesAreMoreLikelytoBottomoutThisYearInthefirstquarterof2009,%,%%,,theeconomiesintheUnitedStates,%,%%,theleadingdevel,althoughindustrialproductionhasyettoovercomeitsyear-on-yeardecline,%in,thecompositeindexofleadingindicatorsoftheWorldMajorEnterprisesAssociationintheUnitedStatesrose1%,thisindexus,thefinancialmarketsintheUnitedStates,EuropeandJapanallsawtheirlong-terminterestratesrisingsinceApril,,theconsumerconfidenceindexintheUnitedStatespostedasharpriseoverthepreviousmonth,,theeconomicstimuluspackagesofthelead,JaheUnitedStates,%,%%,theprojecti,%,,Japanseconomicdeclinein2009mayshrinkfromtheearlierprojected5%toabout3%.Therefore,wecandeterminethattheeconomicdownturnintheleadingdevelopedcountrieswilleasevisiblyinthesecondandt,creditsqueezeisunlikelytobefundamentall,evenifthedevelopedeconomiesmoveoutofrecession,ages,wecannotruleoutthepossibilitythattheseeconomieswillfallag,theworldeconomywillexperienceaprocessfeaturingalowgrowthrateandatortuousrecoveryinthe2~3yearsfrom2010.ostedtheirinnovationcapacity,productsdevelopmentandprovision,buttheusindustrialsectors,,textileprod,thehigh-endmarketofterminalproductsisstilldominatedbyfore,thehigh-en,thehigh-endp,,from41,500piecesin1990to476,,theproportionofpatentapplicationsbyenterpriseswentupfrom16%in1990to33%,,’,anaverageannualgrowthofmorethan20%.%%,ofwhichenterprisesaccountedfor60%.%,,theRDspendingbytypicalChineseenterprisesinsomeindustriesisonlyone-fifthorone-tenthoftheamountspentbymajorforeigncounterparts,,,39percentofthe23,267largeand,,theenterprisesarestillweakintheircapacitiestomanageRDactivitiesandtointegrateinternalandexternalinnovationnetworksandintheirorganizationalandmanagementcapacitiestocoverthewholevaluechainofinnovation,ounterpartsint,suchasthesteelandpetrochemicalindustries,haveafairlystrongcapacityfortechnologicalinnovationandalsoafairlystrongoverallstrength;theindustries,suchasthecommunicationsequipmentindustry,haveafairlystrongcapacityfortechnologicalinnovationandanaveragelevelofoverallstrength;theindustries,suchastheindustriesproducingpower-generatingequipmentandelectronicITterminals(TV,PC),haveanaverageorstrongercapacityfortechnologicalinnovation(itvariesaccordingtodifferentproducts)andcertainoverallstrength;theindustries,suchastheLCDindustry,havecertaintechnologicalcapacitybuttheiroverallenterprisestrengthisweak;intheindustriessuchastheautoindustry,therepresentativeenterprisesstillhavetoenhancetheirtechnologicalcapacity,,,theLCDenterprisesalreadypossesscertain,theydonothaveagreatoverallstrengthandechnologieseasily,ldforstartingcapitalintheearlystageofdevelopment,theenterpriseshavemoreopportuningcapitalstillfacegndwheremarketsarelargeandgrowfaster,,theautoindustryisdominatedbyjoint-ventureenterprises;althoughtheindustryhasbeengrowingfast,,mainlyserveslargecustomersandhasahightechnologicalthreshold,,theearly-co,whichhelpstheearly-comingenterpr,novationcapacities,thestatusandupgradingofenyPeterXiong,-’sdefinitionorbasedonthestudiesofinnovationprocess,boththialinnovationisco(science,technology,productionandmarket)thatcoverthevaluechai,itisalsosubjecttotheinfluence,,thekeyplayersininnovationmustbeabletoeffectivelyidentifydirections,organizeresources,continuetoinvest,chnologicalinnovationandhavediverseresources,namelythemotivationandcapacityforsustainedinnovation,theyarethekeyplayersininnovationinamarketeconomy....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.bs2018百盛CQ9火之女王游戏PopulationProportioninCitiesofDifferentScalesamongCitieswithaPopulationof100,000andabovein2000Data:TheChineseurbanpopulationdataarefromthepopulationcensusin2sandtheecologicalenvironmentundergreatpressure(1)itiesisonthelowside,,suchasJapanandSouthKorea,theinten~,~,~~ntdensityofthecentralbusinesscentersisallaround50,000~100,000persons/kmandthatofNewYorkreachesashighas240,000persons/,urbanstructuresarefeaturedmainlybylowbuildingsandthestereoscopicurbanlandspacesarenotfullyutilized,therefore,theroleoftheurbanspacesinaccommodatingp,,,whichisseriouslynotinlinewithChinasactualsituationofmorepeopleandlessland.(2)ters,andthereisadiscrepancybetweenthedevelopmentofurbaninfrastructurefacilities(includingcommunications),suchastheundergroundpipelinenetworksandtheenvironmentharnessing,isquitelagging,being,lypoorandtndhaveaddedtothetravelingandsocialoperationalcosts....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

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澳门天和注册送38体验金广东会注册邀请码Figure1GrowthRateofOutputValueoftheEnterprisesaboveDesignatedScaleintheFirstSevenMonthsof2008(atcurrentprice)dium-sizedenterprises,buttheirassets-profitratiosweresimilarInthefirstfivemonthsof2008,thesales-profitratio(totalprofit/salesrevenue)%,%,theirassets-profitratio(totalprofit/totalassets),%%.Afterthesectorsofoilprocessing,electricityandwatersubjecttostrictpricecontrolareexcluded,%%thanthoseoflargeandmedium-sizedenterprisesInthefirstfivemonths,,%,,%andmedium-sizedenterprisesInthefirstfivemonths,Chinahadatotal343,%ofthe35,200largeandmedium-sizedenterprisessufferedloss,%ofthe308,,privateandotherenterprisesgrewfasterIntermsoftotaloutputvalue,,%HongKong,MacaoandTaiwan,%,%,bothprivateenterprisesandotherenterprisespostedafairlyfastgrowth,%%(%)gKong,%,atthesameleveloftheaveragegrowthrateofallindustrialenterprises.Figure2ChangestoChinasOverseasAcquisitionsin2007and2008Source:BasedontheStatisticalBulletinsonChinasOverseasD,thegrowthofChina$,%ofthecountry,theinvestmentsthroughacquisitionsrosesharplytoUS$28billion,makingup50%ofthecountry,theinvestmentsthroughacquisitionshavediversified,risingrapidlyinbothdevelopinganddevelopedcountriesandbeingveryactiveinbothupstreamresour,Chineseenterprises,ariskinvestmentdataservicecompany,Chinasoverseasacquisitionsinthesecondquarterof2009alonereachedUS$,,notonlythecentralstate-ownedenterprisesandlargeenterprisesperformedremarkablywellinoverseasacquisitionsin2009,butalsothemedium-sizedenterprises,especiallytheregionalonesandprivateones,ince,theprovincesoverseasdirectinv,,threeoverseasacquisitions,includingtheHualingGroup%stakesfromAustraliasFMGCompany,becamethelargestofitskindintheprovince,Chineseenterprisescompleted71overseasacquisitionsfromearly2008totheendofJuly2009,ofwhich33or46%ofth,somenewelementsassociatedwithChineseenterprises,Chineseenterpriseshavegrownfastinacquiringfamouscorpor,JiliGroup,aprivateautomakerinChina,completedtheacquisitionofAustraliasDSICompany,aworldfamousauto-gearproducera,theycaneffectivelybenefitChineseenterprisesinovercomingtheirshort-boardeffectinbrandsandtechnologies,promotingtheircorporateupgradin,itisdeterminedbythedifferentdevelopmentsta,,withtheiroperationalrevenuebeingashighasRMB100billionyuan,butthecompetitivesectorsalsohaveenterprises,,manyofthemareprivateenterprises,,therapidexpansionofcorporatescalehasalsoconcealedsomein-depthproblems,suchaslowtechnologicallevel,laggingbrandbuilding,lowproductqualityandaddedvalue,,Chineseenterpriseshavealsoswitchedfrotechnologicalinnovation,productresearchanddevelopment,brandbuilding,qualitycontrolandsupplychainmanagement,,theoutbreakoftheglobalfinancialcrisisin2008hasaggravatedtheweakmarketdemand,theautoandpartsenterprises,themachineryandelectronicsenterprisesandthedailynecessityenterprisesinEurope,Americaandotherdevelopedregionshaveallbeentroubledbydrasticallyshrunkdemandanddivingproductionandsales,andmanyofthemhaveseentheir,,theyhavetemporarilys,Chineseenterprisesoverseascorporateacquisitionscanproducesomesynergyeffect,b,ithas,Chinasindustrializationhasbecomefasterandfaster,rapidlyincreasingtheconsumptionofminerals,,ChinahasbecomeaninternationalmanufacturingbaseandChineseenterpriseshaveinfactpermanufacturingcapacities,,thedramaticriseanddrasticfluctuationinthemarketpricesofmineralresourcesandotherbulkcommoditieshavepromotedChineseenterprisestoacquireoverseasresourcee,itisalsorelatedtothecontinuousgrowthofChina,ChinasforeignexchangereservehasexceededUS$2trillion,andpurchasingAmericannationaldebtsandmakingi,boththeenterprisesandgovernmenthavetheinitiat,theplummetingstockpricesofoverseasenterprisesarisingfromthe2008globalfinancialcrisishavefurtherstimulatedtheenthusiasmofCh,mostoverseasacquisitionshavebeenpromptedbytheaboveinevitablefactors....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

ByFengFeiLiangYangchun,,-YearPlanPeriodSincetheStateCouncilpromulgatedthereformplanofelectricpowersystemin2002,theelectricpowersystemreforminChinahasmademuchprogress,whichcanbedescribedasthefollowing:therapidgrowthinthepowersupplyandgridconstructionhaseffectivelyrelievedthepowershortage;theseparationofthepowerplantandpowergridhashelpedcreateamarketpatternfavorableforintroducingafaircompetitiontotheelectricitygenerationside;theestablishmentoftheindependentregulatorfortheelectricityindustryindicatesabasicsteptowardamodernregulatorysystem;thepilotworkabouttheelectricitymarkethasbeendoneinsomeareastotesttheapplicabilityofdifferentmarketsysteminChina(evenindifferentareas);theissuanceoftheelectricitypricereformplan,theproblemsarisinginthereformareequallyprominent,whichmainlyinclude:First,thetransformationofgovernmentfunctionlagsbehind,themanagementsystemisnotyetrationalized,and,governmentfunctionhasnotbeenfulfilled,authorityabsenceandoversteppingcoexist,theproblemof"multi-levelmanagement"isstillobvious,thediscretionarypoweroftheadministrationorganizationistoostrong,andanopen,,,tosolvetheproblemofpowershortageinChinaassoonaspossible,thestateover-emphasizedpowersupply,"prioritizingenergyconservation",theimmediowergri,,suchaslackinginvestmentincentives,asthestabilityofthestaffwillbegrea,nosubstantialprogresshaseverbeenattainedinthereformofkeysectors,rombeingrealized,a,thelegislationfortheelectricit,interestedpartiesmaydistortoriginaldirectionofthereform,,theleadingteamwhichwassetupattheearlystageofthereformcannotplayitsduerole,whichhaoductionofcompetitionmechanismintotheelectricityindustrydemandstheclarificationofthreefundamentalquestions:first,howtomatchthecompetitionmechanismwithtechnologicalandeconomiccharacteristicsoftheindustry;second,howtodealwiththerelationsbetweencompetitionanddevelopment;third,howtodealw,ithasbeendebatedforlongthatthecompetitionmechanismmusttakely,,roughlybreakingmonopolyandintroducingcompetitionintothewholetransmissionanddi:first,whetherthecompetitionoptimizesresourcesdistribution;second,whethertheregulatorcankeepaneffectivecontroloverthegridcompanies;third,,basedoncurrentadministrativesystemandmarketcondition,forcingtheseparationofthepowerplantandthegridwillonlyreplace"bigmonopolies"with"smallmonopolies".Whatisworse,thegridsectorlosesnotonlyeconomyofscope(verticalmonopolyisnotallowed),,thegridcannotberash,,overemphasisonunrearlieristhelackofinvestmentincent,theStateofCaliforniaoftheUnitedStatesalteredthemarketpatternoftotal-quantityreal-timebiddingandtheBritaingover,theyseektostrikeabalancebetweenmarketcompetiti,thereformgoalmustbedifferentiatedfromthatofthesecountries,whichmeanswemustpromotecompetitionanddevelopmentasdualgoalsofthereform,enhanceefficiencythroughcompetitionandthencreateaneffectiveincentivemechanism,twocrucialproblemsmustbeaddressed:first,whichmarketpatternshouldweadopt,total-quantitybiddingorpartial-quantitybiddingSecond,whichapproachshouldbeadoptedintheregulationofelectricitypricestoensurethatthepowergridcompaniesarewillingandhavethecapacitytomakeinvestmentinthelongrunThird,itisnecesssuewhenthemonopolizedgridisconcerned,,revolutionarychangesshouldtakeplaceinthescopeofregulation(alsocalledaregulationrevolution),fromtraditionaleconomicregulationtosocialregulation,whichmayincludeenvironment,security,quality,marketstructure(incaseofthemisuseofmarketpower)andresourcesefficiencies....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.Notes:①Theoutputvalueproportionsfor1985and1990werethoseofthepublicenterprises,theproportionsfor1995werethoseofthestate-ownedenterprisesasindependentaccountingunits,andtheproportionsfor2000and2006werethoseofthestate-ownedandstate-holdingenterprises.②Thetradedatafor1985,1990and1995weretheoutputvaluesoftheenterprisesabovethetownshiplevelasindependentaccountingunits,thedatafor2000werethoseofallthestate-ownedenterprisesandtheenterprisesabovethestate-designatedscale,andthedatafor2006werethoseofallthestate-ownedenterprisesandthenon-state-ownedenterpriseswithcorebusinessrevenuebeingabove5millionyuan.③Therewererelativelyfewtradeswhosedatawereavailableforthetimebefore1990.④Thetradeswereallthosewithgrade-twocodes.○5The38tradesfor2006inclu:EstimatesweremadeaccordingtoChin:theproportionofthestate-ownedeconomycontinuedtofallandgraduallygotstabilizedFrom1993to2006,theoutputvalueofChinasenterprisesinthewholeindustrialsectorrosesharplyto34,(basedontheoutputvalueofallthestate-o).Duringthisperiod,thenumberofthestate-ownedenterprisesdroppedfrom105,000to25,000andtheircombinedoutputvaluerosefrom2,,,theirtot,,(thedatawithoutindicatingsourcearequotedfromChinaStatisticalYearbook).Thep,thest%to30%.,withitsshareoftotalindustrialemploymentdecliningfrom43%%(thefallforthewholeindustrialsectorwas17%).Butitsfiscal,%%,,theproportionofthestate-ownedeconomydroppedfrom50%toabout30%.Thenumberoftrades,wheretheoutputvalueproportionsofthestate-ownedenterpriseswerebelow50%,reached30,accountingfor70%omover50%tobelow50%duringthisperiod,10tradesdidsobefore1995,threedidsobefore2000andfivedidsoafter2000(Table2).Mostofthetradeswheretheproportionofthestate-ownedeconomyalreadydroppedbelow50%inthe1980snowseetheproportiondropbelow20%orevenbelow10%.Table2State-OwnedEconomysGDPProportions(%,2006)

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ByLiaoYingminRenXingzhou,InstituteofMarketEconomy,theDRCResearchReportNo109,(1)TherealestatemarketbottomsoutFromJanuarytoAugust2009,theareaofnationwidesoldnewly-builtcommercialhousingwas494,160,000m2,%overthesameperiodofthepreviousyear,,%,theareaofnationwidesoldcommercialhousingofthefirstquarterwas113,000,000m2,%lativelywell,whichshowspartofac,however,thecommercialhousingtransactionamountsawaparoxysmalincrease,andthetransactionamountofsomelarge-sizedandmedium-sizedhouseswithrelativelyhightotalpriceincreasedrapidly,,000,000m2(thatofJunewas94,650,000m2),(Table1).Atthesametime,ndShanghaiincreasedrespectivelyby186%and187%overthepreviousyear,higherthantheleveloftheyear2008;,especiallyinSeptember,housingtransactionamountofsomebigcitieslikeBeijingandShanghaidecreasedasdeflationpolicylikehighRegions(2009)

多盈真人体育ByZhangChenghui,ResearchInstituteofFinance,DevelopmentResearchCenter(DRC)ResearchReportNo030,hmentofacatastropheinsurancesystemhasbeenstudiedforoveradecade,buttherehasbeennosubsTheargumentshavefocusedonthefollowingissues.(1)Iscatastropheinsuranceapolicy-orientedorcommercialsystemHowdowedefinethegovernmentfunctionsinacatastropheinsurancesystemDoesthegovernmentthatestablishesacatastropheinsurancesystemhavetocontributefundsandifsoinwhatwaytomakecontributionsAretheinsurancecompaniesengagedincatastropheinsuranceandthegeneralpublicpurchasingcatastropheinsuranceentitledtopo,ranceandthatexcessdependenceongovernmentsupportmeansthisinsuranceisequivalenttoadirectfiscaldisasterreliefandthesystemdesignwillbecomemeaningless.(2)HowdothegovernmentdepartmentscoordinatewitheachotherWhichgovernmentdepartmentshouldexerciseleadershipoverestablishingcatastropheinsuran,theinsuranceregulatorydepartment,thecivilaffairsdepartment,theprofessionalmanagementdepartments(suchasthoseinchargeofearthquakeadministration,meteorologicaladministration,oceanicadministrationandtheMinistryofWaterResources),theNationalDisasterReductionCommission,disciplinesanddepartments,itrequiresnotonlyclearguidelinesandreliabledesigns,,itwilllacktherequiredauthorityandabilitytocoordinate;butifanadministrativeinstitutionoftheStateCouncildoesthejob,snationalconditionsManyofthepastresearchesaredevotedtothei,,designedforaspecificcatastropheorfordiversecatastrophesShoulditcoverthewholecountryorbeginwithjustoneprovinceHowtoensurethesystemtobebothscientificandoperableWhichoperationalmodelandriskdiversificationmodeshacatastrophefundorthemodelofacatastrophereinsurancecompanyandshoulditendowthereycountriesindicatethatthecoretasksofaca,andtheiroperationshavematuremodels,includingthenonprofitinstitutionalgovernancestructure,,,manyofthemhavebecomeadministrativeonesandhaveastrongimpulseforself-expansio,,whattypeofinstitutionsshouldexerciseleadershipoverthecatastropheinsurancesystemWhiledirectgovernmentmanagementisapparentlyimproper,for-profitcoanagementinstitutionisestablishedtodothejob,howcanweeffectivelycontainitsimpulseforscaleexpansionandrationallycontrolitsoperatingcostsoastomakethecatastropheinsurdingtoChinasnationalconditionsComparedwithothercountries,Chinahassomeuniquecharacteristics,,Chinaisavastcountry,,Sichuan,Qinghai,Tibetandotherplacesinthewestregiona,rainstorms,mudflowsandothernaturaldisastersthathitt,notonlythegeneralpublichasahighacceptanceofinsuranceproducts,butalsohasagreatercapacitytoadoptadvanceddisasterprevent,asthedevelopedregionshaveahighpopulationdensityandahighassetsvalue,,wecannotsimplyc,wecannotintroduceuniformfeerate,weshoulddesignascientificandrationalcatastropheinsurance,theinsuranceindustryasawholeisunderdeveloiseforcatastropheriskmanagementmakesitimpossibletomobilizethe,thepublicpreparednessfornaturaldisastersisverylow,theinfrastructurefordisasterpreventionandlossreductionisunavailable,andsomemeasuresfo,Chinafindsitdifficulttorelyoncommercial,whichhasauthorityandcoordinatingability,shouldexerciseleadershipovertheestablishmentofacatastropheinsurancesystemandshoulde,,skdiversification,,itisnecessarytoadoptacompulsoryorsemi-compulsorymarketingapproach.Themodeoforiginalinnovationmea,Vimicrohasindependentlydevelopedandpossessedseveralworld-classmultimediacoretechnologiesandAnbotehasesrapidlyenhancetheirtechnologicalcapacitiesthoughtheyarenotnecessarilythecreatorsofcoretechnologies,buttheenterprisespreliminarilyhavethedevelopmentcapacities,theiroveralltechnologicalcapacitieshavereachedthelevelsoffirst-rateenterprises,pportunitiesarisingfromthetransitionofmobng-upandsurpassinginnovation,animportantbasisoftheircorec,,ithasseizedtheopportunitiestoparticipateinmajormarkets,TCL,BaosteelandDouble-Cranehaveallcarriedoutproduct-orientedortechnology-orientedinnovationsafterimport,theirproductionandtechnologic,theybegantograduallycarryoutmoreadvancedtechnologicalinnovations....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

广东会注册邀请码Figure1TheYear-on-yearGDPGrowthRatesinDifferentQuartersduringtheFirstHalvesof2004~2007(%)Source:StateStatisticsBureau(2)GrowthoffixedassetinvestmentdeclinedandpositivechangestookplaceininvestmentstructureInthefirsthalfof2007,,%,yearonyear,%,yearonyear;%.Growthoftheenergy-consuming%.Ofthis,investmentincommunications,transportationandwarehousingaswellasinpostalservice,waterconservancyandmanagementofpublicfacilitiesgrewfast,%%,%%yearonyearrespectively,%intheeasternregion.(3)GrowthofincomesoftheurbanandruralresidentsacceleratedandtheconsumptiondemandrealizedamaximumgrowthInthefirsthalfof2007,theaggregateretailvolumeofthesocialconsumergoodsamountedto4200billionyuan,%,yearonyear,,,%;%.Cont,inhed7052yuan,%afterallowingfortheprice,increasing314yuanfromayearago,%,onsumptiondemandandthusstimulatedthegrowthofthenationaleconomy.(4)GrowthofthenationwidefinancialrevenuesacceleratedAccordingtothestatisticsoftheMinistryofFinance,fromJanuarythroughJune,,%fromayearago,%,%overthepreviousyear;%yearonyear.(5)Therewasanobviousturnaroundinsupplyanddemandformainenergyproducts,withthepricerisefallingbackInthefirsthalfof2007,,%,yearonyear;andtheaccumulativeoutputofrawcoal,%,%%,,importsofthemainenergyproductsincreasedrapidly,,%fromayearagoandthecoalimportgrew44%,yearonyear;%overthepreviousyear;%,therewashalfof2007,thenationaleconomyperformedwellasawhole,whichresulted:Inordertotackletheexcesscashflowandtheoverlyrapidassetpricerise,theCentralBankraisedtheinterestratesforthreetimesrunning;heightenedthedepositreservefundratioforfivetimes;market,taxregulationandcontrolmeasureswereenactedattherighttime,plus,thestatedepartmentsconcernedsuccessivelyimplementedaseriesofmacroregulationpoliciestoencourageimportandlimitexport,especiallytheexportofthehigh-energyconsumptionandhigh-pollutionproducts,adjustedtheexporttaxrefundpolicytoalargeextent,andreducedthetaxrefundratesofpartoftheproductsandincreasedexporttariffsofpartoftheproducts,reducingpollution,theStateCouncilsetuptheleadinggroupforenergysavingandpollutionreductionwork,reformedandimprovedenergysavingsupervisionsystem,promulgatedtheComprehensivePlanforEnergySavingandPollutionReduction,andp,vestmentaswellas5billionyuanfromthecentralfinancialbudgetandanadded10billionyut,thestatecarriedoutthepolicyofexercisingbothprotectionandsuppression,augmentedtheinvestmentinagricultureandinrelevantareasofthetertiaryindustry,strictlycontrolledtheinvestmentinindustriesofoverproduction,highenergyconsumptionandhighpollutantdumping,andrigorouslytooktheenvironmentalprotectionof2007andthisresultwascloselyrelatedtotheimplementationofthemacroregulationpolicies....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,"AnalysisoftheChineseMarketSituationintheFirstHalfof2007andForecastontheFutureDevelopment"HanJun,,thenationaloutputofthevegetableoilproducts(whichwereproducedwithChinesedomesticrawmaterialandprocessedbyChineseenterprises),o(%oftotalChina-madevegetableoil),theou(%)andtheoutputofedibleoilproducedwithwoodyoilplantstotalednearly300,000tons(constituting3%).,includingrapeseedplant,soybean,groundnut,sesame,sunflowerandlinseed,,groundnutandsoybeanregistersthemaximum,accountingfor70%,,(makingupover40%ofthetotaloutputofChina-madevegetableoil),(%ofthetotaloutputofChina-madevegetableoil)andthegroundnutoilproductionismainlyscatteredinYellowSea,,anusedtomakeoilaccountsapproximatelyfor1/,000tons(%ofthetotaloutputofChina-madevegetableoil)andthesoybeanoilproductionismainlyscatteredontheSongnenPlainofNortheastChina,,suchassunflower,sesameandlinseed,,andtheoutputofthoseoilcropsaddedupto2milliontons,productionofwhichismainlyscatteredintheYellowSeaandHuaihaiareasandinWestChina,withtheoilproductionreaching380,000tons,accountingfor4%,whicharecharacterizedbystrongadaptability,highoutputandsuperiorquality,gest,,,,andtheamountofannualprocessedtea-seedoilcameto277,,thewoodyoilplantswillbecomeimportantsourcesofChinaopsascotton,paddyandmaize,includingcottonseeds,maizeembryoandricebran,whichcanbeusedtoproducecottonseedoil,,makingupover16%ofthetotaloutputofChina-madevegetableoil,andtheproductionofcottonseedsandtheseedoilismainlyscatteredinthemaincotton-producingprovincesandareas,suchastheYellowSeaandHuaihaiareas,in-producingareasinNortheastChina,NorthChinaandtheYangtzeRivervalley,withtheannualoutputtotaling550,000tonsorso(makingup6%orsoofthetotaloutputofChina-madevegetableoil).ThehugepotentialfortheincreaseinChinasoilcropproductionismanifestedasfollows:Firstly,potentia,Chinahasmountedupitsinputintheenhancementandinnovationonoiltechnologiesandhasaccumulatedabundantreservesforselectionofhighyieldvarieties,explorationofhighoilcontentresource,andcultivationtechniquesfeaturinghighyield,efficiency,tyield,improvingquality,,nandmakingfulluseofthewintertimeidleland,abandonedland,floodlandandidlelandbits,Chinastillhas,bymakinguseofsuchmarginallandasthewintertimeidleland,saline-alkaliland,barrenlandandbarrenhillylandandslopesintheYangtzeRivervalley,,,thecultivationtechniquescanbeintegrated,,,withitspaddy,ducesover10milliontonsorsoofricebraneachyear(6%);China,withitscottonoutputhi,theoutputofChinasedibleoilcanbeincreasedexponentiallywiththefulluseoftheby-productsofpaddy,maizeandcotton....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.Notes:①Theoutputvalueproportionsfor1985and1990werethoseofthepublicenterprises,theproportionsfor1995werethoseofthestate-ownedenterprisesasindependentaccountingunits,andtheproportionsfor2000and2006werethoseofthestate-ownedandstate-holdingenterprises.②Thetradedatafor1985,1990and1995weretheoutputvaluesoftheenterprisesabovethetownshiplevelasindependentaccountingunits,thedatafor2000werethoseofallthestate-ownedenterprisesandtheenterprisesabovethestate-designatedscale,andthedatafor2006werethoseofallthestate-ownedenterprisesandthenon-state-ownedenterpriseswithcorebusinessrevenuebeingabove5millionyuan.③Therewererelativelyfewtradeswhosedatawereavailableforthetimebefore1990.④Thetradeswereallthosewithgrade-twocodes.○5The38tradesfor2006inclu:EstimatesweremadeaccordingtoChin:theproportionofthestate-ownedeconomycontinuedtofallandgraduallygotstabilizedFrom1993to2006,theoutputvalueofChinasenterprisesinthewholeindustrialsectorrosesharplyto34,(basedontheoutputvalueofallthestate-o).Duringthisperiod,thenumberofthestate-ownedenterprisesdroppedfrom105,000to25,000andtheircombinedoutputvaluerosefrom2,,,theirtot,,(thedatawithoutindicatingsourcearequotedfromChinaStatisticalYearbook).Thep,thest%to30%.,withitsshareoftotalindustrialemploymentdecliningfrom43%%(thefallforthewholeindustrialsectorwas17%).Butitsfiscal,%%,,theproportionofthestate-ownedeconomydroppedfrom50%toabout30%.Thenumberoftrades,wheretheoutputvalueproportionsofthestate-ownedenterpriseswerebelow50%,reached30,accountingfor70%omover50%tobelow50%duringthisperiod,10tradesdidsobefore1995,threedidsobefore2000andfivedidsoafter2000(Table2).Mostofthetradeswheretheproportionofthestate-ownedeconomyalreadydroppedbelow50%inthe1980snowseetheproportiondropbelow20%orevenbelow10%.Table2State-OwnedEconomysGDPProportions(%,2006)

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